The Will of Richard Goldsmith snr (1769-1839)

RICHARD GOLDSMITH victualler
EDWARD GOLDSMITH master mariner
ROTHERHITHE Surrey and CHALK Kent

Smith’ New Map of London 1830 – Rotherithe
http://mapco.net/smith/smith23.htm

THREE GENERATIONS of GOLDSMITHS named “RICHARD”
Richard Goldsmith snr, (1769-1839) father of Captain Edward Goldsmith
Richard Goldsmith, (1793-?) brother of Captain Edward Goldsmith
Richard Sidney Goldsmith (1830-1854), son of Captain Edward Goldsmith

Richard Goldsmith snr (1769-1839)
Richard Goldsmith snr was born into generations of landholders, taverners and farmers at Chalk, Kent, UK, and recorded as a licensed victualler of Rotherhithe, London at his death in 1839. He was the father of Captain Edward Goldsmith (1804-1869) who was the paternal uncle of Elizabeth Rachel Nevin nee Day (1847-1914), wife of Tasmanian photographer Thomas J. Nevin (1842-1923).

The name “Richard” persisted through the generations; an older brother of Edward’s was baptised as Richard in 1793 at Chalk and presumed dead when his father devised the will of 1836, but in 1839, having discovered this son Richard was still alive, drew up a codicil to bequeath him a small sum.

Captain Edward Goldsmith named his first son Richard, born to his wife Elizabeth Goldsmith nee Day at the Swan River, Western Australia, 19th May 1830, days after his arrival in command of the James. On returning to England in command of the Norvalfrom Sydney, their first-born son Richard was christened at St Mary Rotherhithe on 19th November 1830, per record below. Richard died of fever at Hobart, Tasmania, 15th August, 1854, just 24 years old, during the family’s prolonged stay ashore that year in the colony.

Richard Sidney Goldsmith
England Births and Christenings
Name Richard Sidney Goldsmith
Gender Male
Christening Date 11 Nov 1830
Christening Place ST MARY, ROTHERHITHE, LONDON, ENGLAND
Birth Date 19 May 1830
Father’s Name Edward Goldsmith
Mother’s Name Elizth.

CITING THIS RECORD:
“England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JWWW-BP2 : accessed 16 May 2016), Richard Sidney Goldsmith, 11 Nov 1830; citing , reference ; FHL microfilm 254,548, 254,549.


Richard Goldsmith snr was buried on 21st March 1839 at St Mary Rotherhithe, Borough Southwark, London. (C of E Deaths and Burials 1813-1900). His son Captain Edward Goldsmith managed to arrive back in London in command of the Wave from Hobart, Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) in time to see his father alive, to sign the codicil on his father’s will dated 1839 and attend his father’s funeral at St Mary Rotherhithe.

At Chalk, Kent.
Witness to the marriage of Richard Goldsmith snr and Mary Whetland on 9th March, 1791 was Richard’s brother Joseph Golsdmith, victualler and licensee of the Lord Nelson, situated in Chalk Street, opposite the junction at Lower Higham Road. When Joseph died in 1827, his wife Sarah became the licensee until she retired at the age of 67 years, and let the premises in 1848 after forty years. Descendants of Joseph and Sarah Goldsmith settled at Castlemaine, Victoria [Redgrave.]

The Lord Nelson, Chalk St, Lower Higham, circa 1910.
Copyright John Hopperton, http://pubshistory.com/KentPubs/Chalk/LordNelson.shtml

The two brothers, Richard and Joseph Goldsmith held indentures on cottages, houses, gardens, orchards and a public house at Chalk dating back to 1817, recited here by solicitor George Matthews Arnold in his Bill of Complaint filed in Chancery in 1856 against Richard’s will and heirs.

2. By indentures of lease and release date respectively the Nineteenth and Twentieth days of June One thousand eight hundred and seventeen the release being duly made and executed by and between the said Richard Goldsmith of the first part Joseph Goldsmith of the second part Thomas Smith of the third part and George Henry Malme of the fourth part for the considerations therein mentioned All that messuage or dwellinghouse with the garden and orchard belonging to or occupied with the same situate at or near Chalk in the county of Kent and in the occupation of Charles Louch his undertenants or assigns. And also all those Eleven cottages or tenements with the yards and gardens to the same and also a blacksmith’s shop situate at or neat Chalk aforesaid And all those Four cottages or tenements situate at or near Chalk aforesaid And all that barn and an orchard or piece of and containing One acre three roods and thirty-three perches were the same more or less respectively situate at or near Chalk aforesaid and in the occupation of Mr Louch his undertenants or assigns And also all that messuage or tenement uses as a butcher’s shop situate at or near Chalk aforesaid and in the occupation of Thomas Brown his undertenants or assigns which heretofore formed the east end of the messuage And all that stable erected by the said Richard Goldsmith on part of the yard or ground formerly belonging to or occupied with the publichouse formerly known by the sign of the Ship were conveyed unto and to the use of the said George Henry Malme his heirs and assigns subject nevertheless to a proviso or agreement therein contained for redemption of the same premises upon payment by the said Richard Goldsmith his heirs executors administrators or assigns unto the said George Henry Malme his executors administrators or assigns the sum of Five hundred pounds and interest thereon on or at the day or time therein mentioned and appointed for payment thereof.
[Read more below, page 3 of the transcript.]

Ten children in all were named by Richard Goldsmith snr in his will of 1839. Captain Edward Goldsmith was one of six children born to Richard and Mary Goldsmith nee Whetland at Chalk, Kent between 1791 and 1804. Although Edward appears not to have been christened at St Mary Chalk Church where five of his siblings and generations before him were christened, married and buried, he was interred there in 1869 after a life time at sea in command of merchant ships trading between Europe, the Americas, South Africa and the Australian colonies.

Registration of marriage: Richard Goldsmith to Mary Whetland at Chalk Church, 9th March 1791.
Source: Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre
Register of baptisms, 1768-1812, and burials, 1768-1812
Reference P77/1/2 Date 1768-1812

The first five children of this marriage between Richard Goldsmith snr and Mary Whetland were christened at St Mary Chalk Church, Kent; it appears that Edward may have been christened at St. Botolph Northfleet, Gravesend.

  • William Whetland Goldsmith christened 23rd October 1791 at St Mary Chalk Church
  • Richard Goldsmith jnr christened 21st July 1793 at St Mary Chalk Church
  • Thomas Goldsmith christened 21st July 1793 at St Mary Chalk Church
  • John Goldsmith christened 6th June 1796 at St Mary Chalk Church
  • Deborah Meopham Goldsmith christened 1799 at St Mary Chalk Church
  • Edward Goldsmith christened 1804 at St. Botolph Northfleet, Gravesend, Kent.

There were four more children born to Richard Goldsmith, possibly from a second marriage, who were listed as beneficiaries to his will, viz. Alfred, Ann, Emma and Mary, and listed again as beneficiaries in the Bill of Complaint of 1856, Arnold v. Goldsmith (see transcript below).

This short account of the life of Captain Edward Goldsmith’s father, Richard Goldsmith snr (1769- 1839) examines his life and the hopes he held for his family in his Last Will and Testament of 1839 at his death.

Three panels: Smith’s New Map of London 1830
http://mapco.net/smith/smith23.htm

The Last Will and Testament 1836 & 1839
The original will of Richard Goldsmith (1769-1839) of Saint Mary Rotherhithe, Surrey is held at the National Archives, Kew, UK.

Reference: PROB 11/1910/347
Description: Will of Richard Goldsmith of Saint Mary Rotherhithe , Surrey
Date: 09 May 1839
Held by: The National Archives, Kew
Legal status: Public Record

The original will – available here – was written in italic, and in parts is indecipherable or illegible. As a result, the piecemeal transcript below may only give a general idea of Richard Goldsmith’s intent.

SUMMARY: Beneficiaries

  • Deborah Meopham Goldsmith – daughter and wife Daniel Bevis
  • Mary Mepham – cousin of Deborah, niece of Richard snr?
  • Thomas Goldsmith – son
  • Ann Macklay nee Goldsmith – daughter, wife of Robert Macklay
  • Alfred Goldsmith – son
  • John Goldsmith – son
  • Captain Edward Goldsmith – son
  • Mary Tolhurst nee Goldsmith – daughter, wife of Jeremiah Tolhurst
  • Caroline Tolhurst – daughter of Mary Tolhurst, grand daughter of Richard Goldsmith snr
  • Emma Bayly nee Goldsmith – daughter, wife of Benjamin Bayly

Witnesses to codicil 1839 and executors:

  • Enoch Fowler
  • Charles Ventris Field
  • William Lowman
  • Captain Edward Goldsmith

The Lawyers:

  • John Danbury
  • John I Mandell

TRANSCRIPT

Richard Goldsmith
By the Grace of God Amen I Richard Goldsmith of the Victoria Inn or Victualling House late the Ship on Launch in the parish of St. Mary’s Rotherhithe in the County of Surry being of sound mind and understanding and having the Love and Fear of God before me do make this last will and testament that is to say that in consideration of my standing indebted to my daughter Deborah Meopham Goldsmith in the sum of one hundred pounds of lawful British money bequeathed to her by her late cousin Mary Mepham of the parish of Milton next Gravesend in the county of Kent do will and bequeath to her my daughter Deborah Meopham Goldsmith all that Inn known by the Victoria in the parish of St. Mary’s Rotherhithe with two cottages and skittle ground under and other outbuildings together with my household goods stock in trade plate linen and trinkets to her for her own use & benefit but subject to the paying of my just debts owing at the time of my decease to all my spirit and wine merchants and my porter and ale brewers, and allso the money borrowed of Messrs ? and Company to build the public house walls at known by the name of the Victoria in the parish of St Mary’s Rotherhithe in the County of Surry amounting together with the purchasing the freehold of Sir ? Moris? to 1800 with 5 pr cent pr annum interest for the money so borrowed. I allso will and bequeath out of my other estate at Chalk in the County of Kent 30 pounds to my son Thomas Goldsmith 20 pounds to my daughter Ann Macklay 20 pounds to my son Alfred and 20 pounds to my daughter Emma and the remainder of all my property in lands tenements and p? whatsover and whosoever in the County of Kent or Surry to my son John now living in the Borough Road in the county of Surry whip maker??? to Captain Edward Goldsmith mariner and Mary Tolhurst wife of Jeremiah Tolhurst of Milton next Gravesend in the county of Kent ? ? they share and share alike after paying all my encumbrances borrowed on annuities of Mr ?? Campion and also my funeral expenses which I darest be so plain or plain with Elm coffin covered with cloth but brown with common black nails and bourn to the parish church or burial ground by men with six of my friends and acquaintances whom they shall see fit to be pall bearers The remainder of my property to be equally divided amongst my two sons and my daughter Mary Tolhurst before ? and if they cannot agree amongst themselves let it be sold and the prod? shared that before named but the prod? or sum so divided which may be ? to my daughter Mary Tolhurst for her own use and that of her children I desire that my request be complied with that Mr Jeremiah Tolhurst may have no control over one shilling of her money left by me to her but ? her and her children by my executors. I particularly request of my daughter Deborah to take great care of Caroline [inserted ” as afar as circumstances will allow”] Tolhurst and particularly request my sons John & Edward to see my request complied with. I also appoint my son John Goldsmith of the Borough Road Southwark and my friend Mr Enoch Fowler of Neptune Street silk thrower of St Mary Rotherhithe ?my executors of my last will and testament dated this twenty-ninth day of August one thousand eight hundred and thirty six. R, Goldsmith witness M. Nottingham Rotherhithe . C. V. Field Surgeon Rotherhithe Enoch Fowler 28th August 1836. To prevent disputes the interlineations were made by me R. Goldsmith. Endorsed the will of R. Goldsmith 28th August 1836.
I am desirous that the property bequeathed to my daughter Mary in my will dated August 28th 1836 shall be entirely for the benefit of herself and her children and I therefore appoint my Executors named in the Will above mentioned Trustees to the said property that they may see my intention fulfilled. R. Goldsmith // Witnesses, William Lowman. C. V. Field, Surgeon. Ed’d Goldsmith. Dated 14th March 1839.
Also I bequeath to my son Richard who I believed to be dead when I made my will of August 28th 1836 the sum of fifty pounds. R. Goldsmith. Witness. This is a codicil to my will of August 28th 1836 dated this 14th day of March 1839. Signed witness William Lowman. C. V. Field, Surgeon. E. Goldsmith.
Appeared personally. Charles Ventris Field of Rotherhithe in the County of Surry Surgeon and made oath that he is one of the attesting witnesses to the last will and Testament bearing the date the twenty-eighth day of August one thousand eight hundred and thirty six and also to the codicils thereto bearing the date respectively the fourteenth day of March one thousand eight hundred and thirty-nine of Richard Goldsmith late of Victoria Inn in the parish of Saint Mary Rotherhithe aforesaid Licensed Victualler ? now here unto ? and having observed the following interlocutions?interlineations? in the said will to wit the words and ? porter? ? ? to be underlined ? / ? and ? ? from the top of the first side there of the words “the County of Kent” to be ? between the first and second lines of the ? ? ? side ? of the words “share and share alike” to be underlined ? the ? and ? lines from the top of the same side the words to be Pall Bearers ” to be underlined between the sixteenth and seventeenth lines from the top of the same side the word “divided” to be underlined between the said seventeenth and eighteenth lines of the same side the name “Jeremiah Tolhurst” to be underlined between the twenty third and twenty fourth lines from the top of the same side the words and name “To prevent disputes the inter? were made by me R. Goldsmith”. to be written and signed at the bottom of the said third side the name of “Tolhurst” to be underlined between the third and fourth lines from the top of the fourth side thereof “as ar as ? will allow her” to be underlined between the the said fourth and fifth line line of the same side the words “Mary’s Rotherhithe Surry” to be underlined between the tenth and eleven lines of the same side this ? said that the said several interlineations were made by the said deceased previous to the execution of this said will and that this said will and that this said will is now in the same plight and condition as when executed by the deceased on the twenty ninth of August one thousand eight hundred and thirty six the day of the date thereof in the presence of ? and ? of Rottingham ? and Enoch Fowler the other subscriber witnesses thereto and the ? made oath that on the said fourteenth day of March one thousand eight hundred and thirty nine being the day of the death of the said testator ? the said Testator who was at such time ill in ? ? executed his said codicils to his said will the first of the said codicils beginning thus “I am ? desirous that the property bequeathed to my daughter Mary in my will “? this ” that they may see my intentions fulfilled” and this subscribed and dated “R. Goldsmith dated this 14th March 1839” The said codicil containing as follows “Also I bequeath to my son Richard who I believed to be dead when I made my will in August 1836 the sum of fifty pounds” and this subscribed “R. Goldsmith” with the following words and date thereto. Witness this is a codicil to my will of August 28th 1836 dated this 14th day of March 1839 ?? signing his name thereto in ? as now appears in the presence of this Deponent and of William Lowman and Edward Goldsmith the other subscribed witnesses thereto who were then together present at the same time with the said deceased and this Deponent and the said William Lowman and Edward Goldsmith attested and subscribed to the said codicils in the presence of the said Testator and of each other and this Deponent referring to the ? of the date of the will of the deceased in the said codicils oat August 28th 1836 said that the said will was executed by the said deceased on the twenty ninth day of August one thousand eight hundred and thirty six but that the said deceased after sealing the same up through Error endorsed the same 28th August 1836 in the manner as now appears and that the writer of said codicil copied the date of the said will from such endorsement in the presence of this Deponent ? the said will will being then so sealed up instead of the twenty ninth day of August one thousand eight hundred and thirty six to the date thereof. C. V. Field on the thirtieth day of April 1839 the said Charles Ventris Field was duly sworn to the truth of this affadavit before – John Danbeny of Surry, Pres John I Mandell, Not. Pub. Proved at ..
Proved at London with two codicils 9th May 1839 before the worshipful John Danbury Doctor of Laws & Surrogate by the oaths of John Goldsmith the son and Enoch Fowler the Executor to whom admin was granted having been sworn duly to admin.

Source:Will of RICHARD GOLDSMITH of Saint Mary Rotherhithe, Surrey
Reference: PROB 11/1910/347
Description: Will of Richard Goldsmith of Saint Mary Rotherhithe , Surrey
Date: 09 May 1839
Held by: The National Archives, Kew
Legal status: Public Record

Comment:
Richard Goldsmith’s greatest worry expressed in both the Will of 1836 and the Codicil in 1839 was the welfare of two of his daughters: Deborah Meopham Goldsmith, born 1799 at Chalk, who was his designated main beneficiary of the Princess Victoria Inn, Rotherhithe, formerly known as the Ship on Launch. His other concern was his daughter Mary Tolhurst nee Goldsmith who had given birth to fifteen children, Richard’s grandchildren, six of whom were still living by 1856 when solicitor George Matthews Arnold filed a Bill of Complaint against Richard Goldsmith’s will and heirs (see Bill of Complaint, verso of page 8 below). Foreseeing the likelihood of her husband Jeremiah Tolhurst attempting to appropriate what monies her father Richard might leave her, he used the strongest wording as a warning:

… to my daughter Mary Tolhurst for her own use and that of her children I desire that my request be complied with that Mr Jeremiah Tolhurst may have no control over one shilling of her money left by me to her [Will 1836]… I am desirous that the property bequeathed to my daughter Mary in my will dated August 28th 1836 shall be entirely for the benefit of herself and her children and I therefore appoint my Executors named in the Will above mentioned Trustees to the said property that they may see my intention fulfilled [Codicil 1839].

His concern extended to a daughter of that marriage, his granddaughter Caroline Tolhurst. Richard Goldsmith was unequivocal in wishing to trust the future of his daughter Mary Tolhurst and her daughter Caroline to his sons John and Edward Goldsmith and their sister Deborah to see that “Jeremiah Tolhurst may have no control over one shilling of her money left by me to her“.

Licensee of hotels in Rotherhithe
Richard Goldsmith was the listed licensee of the China Hall public house and tenements at 1-4 China Hall Place, Lower Deptford-road, Rotherhithe, London from 1822 (Petty Sessions). The mortgages, indentures and income on the tavern, tea gardens and tenaments at China Hall Place were the subject of a Bill of Complaint in 1856 which plaintiff George Matthews Arnold filed against Richard Goldsmith’s will of 1839 and its beneficiaries, the much enlarged Goldsmith family, and specifically against the two sons of Richard Goldsmith snr – John Goldsmith and his younger brother Captain Edward Goldsmith.

Description: The ‘China Hall’, Lower Road, Southwark On Lower Road opposite the park.
Date 13 September 2007
Source From geograph.org.uk
Author Dr Neil Clifton

By 1826 Richard Goldsmith was also registered as proprietor and licensee of the Ship on Launch at No. 9 Lower Deptford Road, Rotherhithe. The name Ship on Launch was changed to the Princess Victoria Inn in 1836 when construction began on the Brunel Tunnel – as a foot tunnel – diagonally opposite Richard Goldsmith’s premises. By the time of completion of the tunnel in 1845, the Goldsmiths would have enjoyed a decade of exceptional profit from passing traffic. A substantial building of four storeys, the Princess Victoria Inn, known locally as The Vic, closed its doors for the last time in 1983.

The Princess Victoria, formerly the Ship on Launch at 9 Lower Deptford Rd, Rotherhithe
Photo dated 1949, courtesy of [sorry, lost the link]

On her father’s death in 1839, Deborah Meopham Goldsmith inherited the Princess Victoria Inn, 9 Lower Road, Rotherhithe, (SE16 in Pigot’s Directory). In the 1841 UK Census she was listed as resident of Paradise Row, which is now Union Road Bermondsey, its name changed in 1912. In 1842 she was listed as D. M. Goldsmith, licensee (Petty Sessions).

Enoch Fowler, Richard Goldsmith’s executor, had filed for bankruptcy in 1827. He was a silk-man and silk-thrower who originally resided at China Hall Place. Around the time of the fire which destroyed his house at China Hall and the adjoining silk mill, Richard Goldsmith acquired the license to the China Hall tavern and houses numbered 1-4 China Hall Place, now known as China Place Mews.

Thursday, Jan. 27 (1820)
This morning, a fire broke out in the house of Mr. Fowler, known by the name of China Hall, on the Lower Deptford-road, which communicated to his silk mills; the whole of which, with a large quantity of silk, was totally consumed.[The Gentlemen’s Magazine]

Enoch Fowler was declared bankrupt on 19th January 1827, and died in 1844.

Enoch FOWLER, formerly of China Hall Place, Rotherhithe, Surrey, late of No. 10 Duke-street, Spitalfields, Middlesex and now of Neptune -street, Albion Street, both in Rotherhithe, silk-man and silk-thrower, first and final division …(London Gazette, Part 2)

Charles Ventris Field, mentioned often in Richard Goldsmith’s will as an attending witness, was a surgeon and accoucheur involved in a body-snatching scandal and medical libel resulting in Court proceedings:

MEDICAL LIBEL
FIELD, Charles Ventris:
Medical Libel: Field v. Austen
Verdict 100l (£100, Latin l=Libra)

“Wild beasts are caged, and yet the accoucheur, with all his instruments of destruction about him, is let loose upon the world.”

EXCERPT

Mrs. Mason was a patient in the 72nd year of her age, who was tapped by the plaintiff for ovarian dropsy, and died soon afterwards, the colon having been punctured by the trocar.
Mrs Jane Smith deposed to having delivered by Mr. Field, in 1826, when she felt as if she was being torn to pieces….

Source: London Medical Gazette: Or, Journal of Practical Medicine, Volume 24, 1839
See also the Annual Register, Volume 81, 1839:Libel action against Charles Ventris Field 184
0

Richard Goldsmith snr died within weeks of seeing the codicils to his will attested to by his sons Captain Edward Goldsmith and John Goldsmith. He was buried on 21st March 1839 at St Mary Rotherhithe (the Mayflower Church) Borough Southwark, London.

TIMELINE: (1769-1839)

1769: born Chalk, Kent
Richard Goldsmith snr was the son of Abraham and Mary Goldsmith of Chalk, Kent. He was baptised on 27th August 1769 at Chalk Church, Kent.

First name(s) RICHARD
Last name GOLDSMITH
Birth year 1769
Baptism year 1769
Baptism day 27
Baptism month AUG
Place CHALK
County Kent
Country England
Mother’s name Mary
Father’s name Abraham
Source St.Mary Chalk 1768-1876 baptisms
Record set Thames & Medway Baptisms
Category Life Events (BDMs)
Subcategory Births & baptisms
Collections from United Kingdom
Thames & Medway Baptisms Transcription

1791: marriage to Mary Whetland
Richard Goldsmith’s first wife was Mary Whetland, daughter of Willim [William] and Debere [Deborah] Witland [Whetland]. She was christened on 17th January 1768 at Chalk Church. They married on 8th March 1791 in the Diocese of Rochester, Kent.

First name(s) RICHARD
Last name GOLDSMITH
Marriage year 1791
Marriage day 9
Marriage month MAR
Place CHALK
Spouse’s first name(s) Mary
Spouse’s last name Whetland
County Kent
Country England
Source St.Mary Chalk 1768-1876
Record set Thames & Medway Marriages
Category Life Events (BDMs)
Subcategory Marriages & divorces
Collections from United Kingdom

1791-1804: children of first marriage:
These five siblings of Captain Edward Goldsmith were born at Chalk, Kent and baptised at St Mary’s Chalk Church, Kent between 1791 and 1799 to parents Richard Goldsmith and Mary Goldsmith nee Wetland who married at Chalk Church 8th March 1791.

1791:
William Whetland Goldsmith, baptised 23rd October 1791, son of Richard and Mary Goldsmith nee Whetland (Medway Archives & Local Studies Centre Ref: P77/1/2)

1793:
Richard Goldsmith, baptised 21st July 1793, son of Richard and Mary Goldsmith nee Whetland (Medway Archives & Local Studies Centre Ref: P77/1/2)

Thomas Goldsmith, baptised 21st July 1793, son of Richard and Mary Goldsmith nee Whetland (Medway Archives & Local Studies Centre Ref: P77/1/2) Richard and Thomas may have been twins.

1796:
John Goldsmith, baptised 6th June 1796, son of Richard and Mary Goldsmith nee Whetland (Medway Archives & Local Studies Centre Ref: P77/1/2)

1799:
Deborah Meopham, baptised 6th January 1799, daughter of Richard and Mary Goldsmith nee Whetland (Medway Archives & Local Studies Centre Ref: P77/1/2)

1804:
Edward Goldsmith, christened 20th July 1804 at St. Botolph Northfleet. Goldsmith, son of Richard and Mary Goldsmith (St. Botolph’s Northfleet Parish Records No.P270/1/4 Medway City Ark Archives)

Richard and Mary Goldsmith nee Whetland bapstised their first five children at St Mary Chalk Church between 1791 and 1799. Edward’s birth place and year of birth appear as Chalk, 1804 on his master mariner registration at Trinity House in 1829. So, while he was born at Chalk, he may have been baptised at St. Bitolph’s, Northfleet, not far from Rotherhithe, or possibly even at St. Mary’s Rotherhithe. This may or may not be his record of baptism.

First name(s) EDWARD
Last name GOLDSMITH
Birth year 1804
Baptism year 1804
Baptism day 20
Baptism month JUL
Place NORTHFLEET
County Kent
Country England
Mother’s name Mary
Father’s name Richard
Source St.Botolph Northfleet baptisms 1775-1837
Record set Thames & Medway Baptisms
Category Birth, Marriage, Death & Parish Records
Subcategory Births & baptisms
Collections from Great Britain

1805: marriage to Harriot [sic] Parrock
Richard Goldsmith snr may have married a second time to Harriot Parrock in 1805. The name “Parrock” features in the history of the Goldsmiths; Edward Goldsmith sailed the barque, the Parrock Hall in 1838 to Mauritius, Colombo, Rio, the Cape and China, (source: The Asiatic Journal 1838) and in 1844 as commander of the Parrock Hall on the London-Sydney, NSW wool trade route. George Mathews Arnold, solicitor to the executors of Captain Edward Goldsmith’s will, lived at Parrock St. Gravesend and built a mansion there in 1874.

If there was a second marriage of Richard Goldsmith in 1805, his first wife Mary Whetland may have died soon after giving birth to Edward. She would have been 36 years old, in that event. Harriot Parrock may have been the mother of the other four children mentioned in Richard Goldsmith’s will, children born after Edward Goldsmith, viz. Alfred, Ann, Mary and Emma.

First name(s) RICHARD
Last name GOLDSMITH
Marriage year 1805
Marriage day 11
Marriage month Aug
Parish St John the Evangelist, Smith Square
Spouse’s first name(s) HARRIOT
Spouse’s last name PARROCK
Groom’s parish St John The Evangelist, Westminster
Bride’s parish St John The Evangelist, Westminster
County Middlesex
Record set Westminster Marriages
Category Life Events (BDMs)
Subcategory Marriages & divorces
Collections from United Kingdom

1807 -1815: Royal Navy service & pension
Richard Goldsmith snr may have served in the Royal Navy on the Aboukir in 1815. If so, he was listed as a carpenter on attestation, wounded in 1815 and granted a life pension. These records coincide with the age and death of Richard Goldsmith snr from Chalk, but little else (National Archives UK). These may not be the correct records. The pension records for pensioner Richard Goldsmith cease in 1839 in the same year as licensed victualler’s Richard Goldsmith’s death, at the Victoria Inn, Rotherhithe.

HMS Aboukir was a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 18 November 1807 at Findsbury, placed on harbour service in 1824, and sold in 1838.

British Royal Navy & Royal Marines service and pension records, 1704-1919
First name(s) Richard
Last name Goldsmith
Year 1815
Age at pension 58
Year eligible for pension 1829
Year appointed or Pension granted 1815
Series ADM 6
Series/Piece ADM 6/236

Series description Greenwich Hospital out-pensioner candidate registers 1737-1859
Piece description Register of candidates for admission to Greenwich Hospital.
Year range 1829
Archive The National Archives
Country United Kingdom
Record set British Royal Navy & Royal Marines service and pension records, 1704-1919
Category Armed forces & conflict
Subcategory Service Records
Collections from United Kingdom

1815- 1839: China Hall & Victoria Inn, Rotherhithe
In the 1770s, a wooden theatre built next to the China Hall warehouse accommodated 500 people. The theatre burned down in 1789, and reopened as a tavern and tea gardens at the turn of the 19th century. Richard Goldsmith was the licensed victualler of the China Hall, and the houses, Nos.1-4 at China Hall Place, No. 141 Lower Deptford Road, Rotherhithe, from 1822 and from 1826 he was also the proprietor of the Ship on Launch, No. 1-9, Lower Deptford Road, renamed the Princess Victoria Inn in 1825. Known locally as The Vic, it was located diagonally across from the entrance to Brunel’s Thames Tunnel which was completed in 1845.

Victorian portrayals of the Grand Entrance Hall to the Tunnel.
Source: Photo: Brunel Museum

1836: birth of Edward Goldsmith jnr
Richard Goldsmith’s grandson and son of Captain Edward Goldsmith, Edward Goldsmith jnr (1836-1881) was christened at St. Mary Rotherhithe on 24th December 1836.

Edward Goldsmith jnr, son of Captain Edward Godsmith and Elizabeth Goldsmith nee Day: Christened 24 December 1836 at St Mary’s Rotherhithe, Surrey UK
All records courtesy of the website FamilySearch: https://familysearch.org

1839: Captain Edward Goldsmith at his father’s bedside
Master mariner Captain Edward Goldsmith (1804-1869) attended the burial of his father Richard Goldsmith (1769-1839) in the churchyard of St. Mary’s Rotherhithe – the Mayflower church -, Burough of Southwark, London on 21st March 1839. He had arrived back in London from a round-trip to Hobart, Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) as master of the barque Wave on 12th February 1839 with barely enough time to see his father alive and to execute his father’s request to witness alterations to the will. A month later, on 14th March, 1839, his presence was requested to sign the two codicils to his father’s will in the presence of the two other witnesses, William Hendall Lowman, army officer in the East India Company (Letters to the Secretary of King’s College London KA/IC/L87), and Charles Ventris Field, surgeon and apothecary, whose reputation in previous years was entangled with his partner Sir William Gaitskell’ s alleged body-snatching activities at Paradise Row, Rotherhithe as well as libel actions over deaths from his claims to cure “ovarian dropsy”. Charles Ventris Field appeared in person on 14th March to validate the revisions and annotations to Richard Goldsmith’s sealed will of 1836 and its codicils in 1839, his written testimony added to the final document [NB: this script is barely legible in places].

Source:Reference: PROB 11/1910/347
Description: Will of Richard Goldsmith of Saint Mary Rotherhithe , Surrey
Date: 09 May 1839 Held by: The National Archives, Kew

1839: the two Codicils

TRANSCRIPT:

I am desirous that the property bequeathed to my daughter Mary in my will dated August 28th 1836 shall be entirely for the benefit of herself and her children and I therefore appoint my Executors named in the Will above mentioned Trustees to the said property that they may see my intention fulfilled. R. Goldsmith // Witnesses, William Lowman. C. V. Field, Surgeon. Ed’d Goldsmith. Dated 14th March 1839.
Also I bequeath to my son Richard who I believed to be dead when I made my will of August 28th 1836 the sum of fifty pounds. R. Goldsmith. Witness. This is a codicil to my will of August 28th 1836 dated this 14th day of March 1839. Signed witness William Lowman. C. V. Field, Surgeon. E. Goldsmith.

Within days of signing the codicils, Richard Goldsmith snr died. At the time of his death, he was the licensed victualler of the Princess Victoria Inn, Deptford Road (Lower Road) Surrey, Parish of St Mary Rotherhithe, 69 years old and Anglican. His executors included his son John Goldsmith of 67 Blackman St. Borough, Rotherhithe.

1839: burial at St Mary Rotherhithe
Thames & Medway Burials
First name(s) Richard
Last name Goldsmith
Age 69
Birth year –
Burial year 1839
Burial date 21 Mar 1839
Death year 1839
Origin Deptford Road
Burial place Rotherhithe
Place Rotherhithe
County Surrey
Country England
Source St.Mary Rotherhithe 1834-1855 burials
Record set Thames & Medway Burials
Category Life Events (BDMs)
Subcategory Deaths & burials
Collections from United Kingdom

British Museum
View of the church of St Mary Rotherhithe, in London, from the graveyard.
1802 Pen and ink with grey wash
1929,0531.5

1839: Death Duties
Index to Death Duty Registers Transcription
First name(s) Richard
Last name Goldsmith
Death year 1839
Residence VICTORIA INN ROTHERITHE
County –
Court PCC And Country Courts
Record set Index to Death Duty Registers 1796-1903
National Archives reference IR27/249
Category Life Events (BDMs)
Subcategory Wills & probate
Collections from United Kingdom
Index to Death Duty Registers

1839: Captain Goldsmith returns to Hobart in May
Ten days later, on 25th March 1839, Captain Edward Goldsmith penned a letter while still in London which was published in the Colonial Gazette. In that letter he endorsed the opinion of his friend Captain William Langdon, R. N. that the Falkland Islands should become a British colony, a penal colony no less, and being in a direct line between London and Sydney, would provide merchantmen with much needed supplies.

I have made many voyages to New South Wales, and have been compelled to put into Bahia, Pernambuco, and Rio Janeiro for supplies, on which occasions I have always been delayed from three to four weeks. Now the Falkland Isles are in almost a direct line, and about half way between England and the Australian Colonies, and I do not hesitate to assert that a vessel might there be supplied, and get away in twenty-four hours, without any risk or inconvenience. Could they be sure of getting what they might require, I feel assured that they would, on no account, go to any of the ports on the neighbouring coast. I am satisfied that the Falklands, from their position and internal resources, and being free from natives, will, under a company, thrive much faster than Van Dieman’s Land. Sheep will do well, and may be easily imported from New South Wales. … It is my intention to call there again on my next voyage, and I should recommend all vessels to do so, that may require beef and water. That the settlement may be speedily formed is the wish of, gentlemen, your obedient servant,
E. GOLDSMITH, Master of the barque Wave London, March 25, 1839.

Two months later, on May 10th, 1839, Captain Edward Goldsmith departed London as master of the barque Wave(400 tons laden), dropping anchor at Berkeley Sound for several weeks on East Falkland Island as was his stated intention – “to call there again on my next voyage“. He arrived in the “stream” at the River Derwent, Hobart, Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) on October 1st, 1839, and discharged the London cargo before leaving for Port Phillip, Melbourne, Victoria. On board was his wife, Elizabeth Goldsmith nee Day, several months pregnant. She had bought a cargo of fashionable items in London including bonnets, to supply to the merchants of Hobart Town.

For Hobart Town, Wave, 340, Goldsmith, May 10
The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (NSW : 1838 – 1841)
Mon 2 Sep 1839 Page 2 HARDY’S LONDON SHIPPING LIST, 26TH APRIL, 1839.

Arrival at Hobart:Wave barque 400 tons Goldsmith, master
Colonial Times 1st October 1839

1840: back at St Mary Rotherhithe
When Captain Edward Goldsmith returned to London in January 1840, he had death duties on his father’s estate to pay, and another death to deal with, that of his new-born son Bentley Goldsmith, named after a close associate of Captain Goldsmith, Robert Bentley, silk and ribbon merchant, whose son William Bell Bentley (b. 1833) also listed as silk merchant in the 1851 UK census, would become the executor of Captain Goldsmith’s own will in 1870. But Bentley Goldsmith survived less than a month. He was born in London on 17th January 1840 and died on 1st February 1840. He was christened on 20th January 1840 at St Mary Rotherhithe where Richard Goldsmith was buried and where Edward Goldsmith jnr and his cousin Elizabeth Rachael Day were also christened. Elizabeth Rachel Day, Edward Goldsmith’s niece, daughter of his wife’s brother Captain James Day, was born and baptised in 1847 at Rotherhithe, and married photographer Thomas J. Nevin at Kangaroo Valley near Hobart, Tasmania in 1871.

Bentley Goldsmith was most likely conceived in June 1839 about the time Elizabeth Goldsmith departed London for Hobart on board the Wave, her husband Captain Goldsmith in command, arriving Hobart on September 26th, 1839. When Elizabeth Goldsmith arrived back in London four months later, she was heavily pregnant and possibly not in good health, which may account for the birth and death of her new-born son Bentley Goldsmith with weeks of arrival (Jan-Feb 1840), and the absence of Bentley Goldsmith in the 1841 census. It was not the first time she had taken such a risk. Their first son Richard Sydney Goldsmith was born just days after their arrival at Fremantle, Western Australia, after a calamitous journey on board the James (1830).

CITING THIS RECORD
“England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JM4K-BMG : accessed 5 April 2016), Bentley Goldsmith, 20 Jan 1840; citing , reference ; FHL microfilm 254,548, 254,549.

The UK census of June 1841 listed Captain Edward Goldsmith’s wife Elizabeth and their four year old son as residents of Surrey Place, Rotherhithe with her servant Betsy Parryman, among several other members of the household, but not her husband. Neither was their eleven year old son Richard Sydney Goldsmith (1830-1886) listed at her Surrey address which was a row of houses occupied largely by sea captains’ families, located opposite Surrey Square. She had not accompanied Captain Goldsmith on his next trip to the Australian colonies after the death of their new-born son Bentley the previous year. On the night of the census, 7th June 1841, Captain Goldsmith was six weeks out from London in command of the Wave, once more on the return journey from Hobart (VDL), departing on 14th March, arriving back in London on July 22nd, 1841. Neither of their two older sons, Richard Sydney Goldsmith, (1830-1854) and Edward jnr (1836-1881) would live long enough to see the 20th century.

RICHARD SIDNEY GOLDSMITH (1830-1854)
Name Richard Sidney Goldsmith
Gender Male
Christening Date 11 Nov 1830
Christening Place ST MARY, ROTHERHITHE, LONDON, ENGLAND
Birth Date 19 May 1830
Father’s Name Edward Goldsmith
Mother’s Name Elizth.

CITING THIS RECORD
“England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JWWW-BP2 : accessed 16 May 2016), Richard Sidney Goldsmith, 11 Nov 1830; citing , reference ; FHL microfilm 254,548, 254,549

EDWARD GOLDSMITH jnr (1836-1881)

Edward Goldsmith jnr, son of Captain Edward Godsmith and Elizabeth Goldsmith nee Day: Christened 24 December 1836 at St Mary’s Rotherhithe, Surrey UK. All records courtesy of the website FamilySearch: https://familysearch.org/

1840: at Chalk and Higham, Kent
With their father’s estate settled by 1841, Captain Edward Goldsmith and his brother John Goldsmith turned their attention to the future development of their father’s holdings at Chalk, Kent in addition to their own properties in the nearby parish of Higham. When not at sea or ashore at Hobart, Edward’s family home by 1842 was the house and five acres up Telegraph Hill, known as Gad’s Hill House in the village of Higham, Kent where his wife Elizabeth and sons, Richard Sydney and Edward jnr settled, notwithstanding further voyages to and from Sydney and Hobart where they also owned property, notably the house at 19 Davey Street, Hobart, their residence during Captain Goldsmith’s protracted efforts in the early 1850s to establish a patent slip and ship-building yard and see his steam ferry, S.S. Kangaroo finally off the stocks into service on the River Derwent.

In his father’s will, Richard Goldsmith snr had stipulated management of the Goldsmith properties in the parishes of Higham and Chalk to be maintained by his sons Edward and John. The tithe map of 1842 for Chalk Parish shows those areas marked as Richard Goldsmith’s. The properties in the parish of Higham are not shown.

Chalk Parish Landowners 1842
Richard Goldsmith’s land marked in black
Photo copyright © Carole Turner 2016

The Chalk Tithe award schedule dated 24th February 1841 listed Richard Goldsmith’s executors as his son John Goldsmith and Richard Fowler, the latter possibly the son of his executor Enoch Fowler. The list included John Craddock’s lease of arable land and market gardens; Sarah Goldsmith’s (his sister-in-law) license of the Lord Nelson Public House; meadows leased by George Lake; and sundry cottages and gardens:

Executors of Richard Goldsmith: John Goldsmith & Richard Fowler
Source: http://www.kentarchaeology.org.uk/Research/Maps/CHK/02.htm

View from the tower of St Mary the Virgin Church, Chalk Kent UK, known as Chalk Church, down Church Lane to Lower Higham Road, the Salt Marshes and the Thames beyond.
Photo copyright © Carole Turner March 2016

1841: at Paradise Row, Rotherhithe
Deborah Meopham Goldsmith was the older sister of Captain Edward Goldsmith. On the death of their father Richard Goldsmith in 1839, she was the designated licensee of his public house, the Victoria Inn, in Paradise Row, Rotherhithe (London, UK), formerly known as the Ship on Launch. The 1841 Census estimated her age between 30-34 yrs old, which does not tally with her birth and baptism recorded at Chalk Church on 6th January 1799. She was resident in Paradise Row together with five others; a married couple and child (Benjamin and Mary Fordham, with 6 month old child Alfred); William Wood; and Martha Stanbridge. She married Daniel Bevis sometime before 1856.

Source: England and Wales Census, 1841
Name Deborah Goldsmith
Event Type Census
Event Date 1841
Event Place St Mary Rotherhithe, Surrey, England
Residence Note Paradise Row
Gender Female
Age 30-34
Age (Original) 30
Occupation Null
Birth Year (Estimated) 1807-1811
Registration District Rotherhithe
Book Number 2
Parish St Mary Rotherhithe
County Surrey

Page Number 8
Registration Number HO107
Piece/Folio 1067/18
Affiliate Record Type Institution
HOUSEHOLD ROLE GENDER AGE BIRTHPLACE
Benjn Fordham M NULL
Mary Fordham F NULL Surrey
Alfred Fordham M 6 months Surrey
Deborah Goldsmith F NULL
Willm Wood M NULL Surrey
Martha Stanbridge F NULL Surrey

CITING THIS RECORD
“England and Wales Census, 1841,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MQK7-G3Y : accessed 11 April 2016)


1856: Bill of Complaint
Extraordinary as it may seem, a Bill of Complaint was lodged in Chancery against the will and beneficiaries of the estate of Richard Goldsmith by solicitor George Matthews Arnold less than six months after Captain Edward Goldsmith’s arrival back at his residence, Gad’s Hill House, Telegraph Hill, Higham, Kent. His departure from Hobart, Tasmania – delayed in 1854 in order to complete the colonial government’s patent slip and the launch of his steam ferry the SS Kangaroo – was permanent. He sailed from Hobart in February 1856 with his wife Elizabeth and their only surviving son Edward Jnr as passengers on board the Indian Queen, never to return to the Antipodes.

Cover; 1856. A. 86.
Arnold v GOLDSMITH 1856
Reference: C 15/254/A86
Description:
Cause number: 1856 A86.
Short title: Arnold v Goldsmith.
Documents: Bill only.
Plaintiffs: George Matthews Arnold and another.
Defendants: John Goldsmith, Edward Goldsmith, Jeremiah Tolhurst, Mary Tolhurst his wife, Caroline Tolhurst, Edward Tolhurst, Elizabeth Deborah Tolhurst, Richard Tolhurst, Fanny Goldsmith Tolhurst infants, Thomas Goldsmith, Robert Macklay, Ann Macklay his wife, Benjamin Bayly, Emma Bayly his wife, Daniel Bevis and Deborah Mepham [Bevis] his wife.
Note: Details have been added from C 32/5, which also gives information about further process
Date: 1856
Held by: The National Archives, Kew
Legal status: Public Record
Closure status: Open Document, Open Description

TRANSCRIPT Page 1

1856. A. 86. Filed 15th November 1856
In Chancery
Master of the Rolls
Amended 15th December by Order dated 12th December 1856} [? signature illegible]

Between GEORGE MATHEWS ARNOLD and
AUGUSTUS ALFRED ARNOLD
PLAINTIFFS

and

JOHN GOLDSMITH
EDWARD GOLDSMITH
JEREMIAH TOLHURST and MARY his wife
CAROLINE TOLHURST
MATILDA TOLHURST
EDWARD TOLHURST and
ELIZABETH DEBORAH TOLHURST and
RICHARD TOLHURST and
FANNY GOLDSMITH TOLHURST both respectively infants under the age of Twenty-one years
THOMAS GOLDSMITH
ROBERT MACKLAY and ANN his wife
BENJAMIN BAYLY and EMMA his wife
DANIEL BEVIS and DEBORAH MEPHAM his wife.
DEFENDANTS

BILL of COMPLAINT
the RIGHT HONORABLE ROBERT MONSEY BARON CRANWORTH of Cranworth in the County of Norfolk Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain
HUMBLY COMPLAINING shew unto his Lordship GEORGE MATHEWS ARNOLD of Milton Lodge next Gravesend in the county of Kent, gentleman and AUGUSTUS ALFRED ARNOLD of Gravesend in the said county of Kent gentleman, the above named plaintiffs as follows –

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1. By indentures of lease and release dated respectively the Twenty-ninth and Thirtieth days of August One thousand eight hundred and thirty-eight and duly made and executed by and between Richard Goldsmith late of Rotherhithe in the county of Middlesex victualler deceased of the first part John Irion of the second part Maria Butler of the third part and William Henry Cotterill of the fourth part. In consideration of the sum of One thousand pounds advanced and paid by the said Maria Butler as therein mentioned all those two messuages or tenements divided into three dwellings with the outbuildings yards backsides garden orchard and ground and also one other orchard lying on the other side of the highway over against the messuages or tenements belonging situate in Chalk Street in the parish of Chalk in the county of Kent and which were theretofore in the tenure of John Cook afterwards of William Eaton afterwards of James Ninn and John Roach and then for many years of John Farrance together with twelve other messuages or tenements and out buildings erected on said ground by the said Richard Goldsmith and all other the lands and hereditaments whatsoever late of Jane Brown deceased in the parish of Chalk aforesaid (all which said premises were charged by an indenture the Twenty-eight day of January One thousand eight hundred and seventeen with an annuity of yearly rent charge of Fifty pounds payable during the lives of certain persons in the last named indenture named and and the payment of which was secured by a term of Five hundred years created in the said hereditaments and premises by the same last mentioned indenture ) and also all those four other messuages or tenements and outbuildings erected and built by the said Richard Goldsmith on some part of the said land with their appurtenances and which said several messuages or tenements hereditaments and premises were let in the several parcels to the several persons and at the yearly rents in the now stating indenture particularly mentioned with their appurtenances were conveyed unto and to the use of the said Maria Butler her heirs and assigns for ever subject to the provisio for redemption therein contained. And by the said indenture of release of all those four messuages tenements or dwelling-houses situate and being Nos. 1 2 3 and 4 China Hall Place Rotherhithe in the county of Surrey with their appurtenances were demised and leased unto the said Maria Butler her executors administrators and assigns for the residue of a term of Forty-nine years and three quarters of a year wanting three days granted therein by an indenture of the said hereditaments and premises thereby conveyed and demised respectively as aforesaid upon payment by the said Richard Goldsmith his heirs executors administrators or assigns to the said Maria Butler her executors administrators or assigns of the sum of One thousand pounds with interest thereon at the rate of Four pounds ten shillings per cent per annum on or at the days or times therein mentioned and appointed for payment thereof And by the same indenture the said annuity or rent charge of Fifty pounds per annum and the said term of Five hundred years created by the indenture of the Twenty-eight day January One thousand eight hundred and seventeen were assigned to the said William Henry Cotterill his exe –

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– cutors administrators and assigns in trust in the first place for securing to the said Maria Butler her executors administrators and assigns the payment of the said sum of One thousand pounds and interest and subject thereto in trust for the said Richard Goldsmith his heirs executors administrators and assigns.

2. By indentures of lease and release date respectively the Nineteenth and Twentieth days of June One thousand eight hundred and seventeen the release being duly made and executed by and between the said Richard Goldsmith of the first part Joseph Goldsmith of the second part Thomas Smith of the third part and George Henry Malme of the fourth part for the considerations therein mentioned All that messuage or dwellinghouse with the garden and orchard belonging to or occupied with the same situate at or near Chalk in the county of Kent and in the occupation of Charles Louch his undertenants or assigns. And also all those Eleven cottages or tenements with the yards and gardens to the same and also a blacksmith’s shop situate at or neat Chalk aforesaid And all those Four cottages or tenements situate at or near Chalk aforesaid And all that barn and an orchard or piece of and containing One acre three roods and thirty-three perches were the same more or less respectively situate at or near Chalk aforesaid and in the occupation of Mr Louch his undertenants or assigns And also all that messuage or tenement uses as a butcher’s shop situate at or near Chalk aforesaid and in the occupation of Thomas Brown his undertenants or assigns which heretofore formed the east end of the messuage And all that stable erected by the said Richard Goldsmith on part of the yard or ground formerly belonging to or occupied with the publichouse formerly known by the sign of the Ship were conveyed unto and to the use of the said George Henry Malme his heirs and assigns subject nevertheless to a proviso or agreement therein contained for redemption of the same premises upon payment by the said Richard Goldsmith his heirs executors administrators or assigns unto the said George Henry Malme his executors administrators or assigns the sum of Five hundred pounds and interest thereon on or at the day or time therein mentioned and appointed for payment thereof.

3. By indentures of lease and release dated respectively the Twenty-fifth and Twenty-sixth days of September One thousand eight hundred and twenty the release being duly made and executed by and between the said George Henry Malme of the first part the said Richard Goldsmith of the second part James Campion of the third part and John Campion of the fourth part For the considerations therein mentioned all and singular the hereditaments and premises situate at Chalk aforesaid in the said lastly state indenture particularly mentioned were conveyed To the use of the said John Campion his executors administrators and assigns for the term of Ninety-nine years for securing to the said James Campion his executors administrators and assigns the due payment of an annuity of Fifty-eight pounds ten shillings during the lives of the persons therein named.

4. The said Richard Goldsmith being entitled to the equity of redemption of and in the said mortgaged premises and being also seized and possessed of or entitled to other real and

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personal estate made his last will and testament in writing dated the Twenty-ninth day of August One thousand eight hundred and thirty-six and duly executed and attested as by law was then required to pass freehold estates by devise and thereby bequeathed to his daughter the defendant Deborah Mepham Bevis then Deborah Mepham Goldsmith spinster All that inn known as the Victoria in the parish of Saint Mary’s Rotherhithe with two cottages and skittleground under and other outbuildings together with the personal chattels therein mentioned for her own use and benefit subject as therein mentioned and he thereby bequeathed out of his estates at Chalk in the county of Kent Thirty pounds to his son the defendant Thomas Goldsmith Twenty pounds to his daughter the defendant Ann Macklay Twenty pounds to his son Alfred Goldsmith since deceased and Twenty pounds to his daughter the defendant Emma Bayly then Emma Goldsmith spinster and the remainder of all his property in lands tenements and premises whatsoever and wheresoever in the county of Kent or Surrey to his sons the defendants John Goldsmith and Edward Goldsmith and his daughter the defendant Mary Tolhurst the wife of the defendant Joseph Tolhurst share and share alike after paying all his incumbrances borrowed on annuities of Mr Irwin and Mr Campion and also his funeral expenses the remainder of his property to be equally divided between his two sons and his daughter Mary Tolhurst before mentioned And the said testaor appointed the defendant John Goldsmith and Enoch Fowler since deceased executors of his said will

5,. The said testator afterwards made a codicil to his said will dated the Fourteenth day of March One thousand eight hundred and thirty-nine whereby he declared that he was desirous that the property bequeathed to his daughter Mary by his said will should be for the benefit of herself and her children and he therefore appointed his executors named in his will trustees to the said property. That they might see his intention fulfilled the said testator also made another codicil to his said will dated the Fourteenth day of March One thousand eight hundred and thirty-nine and thereby bequeathed to his son the sum of Fifty pounds.

6. The said testator departed this life in the month of March One thousand eight hundred and thirty-nine without having altered or revoked his said will and codicils And the said will and codicils were duly proved in the Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury on the Ninth day of May One thousand eight hundred and thirty-nine by the said defendant John Goldsmith and Enoch Fowler since deceased the executors thereof.

7. The said Enoch Fowler departed this life on or about the Fourth day of June One thousand eight hundred and forty-four.

8. The said Alfred Goldsmith in the said bill named survived the testator but he had since departed this life and there is no legal personal representative of the said Alfred Goldsmith.

9. By an indenture dated the First day of August one thousand eight hundred and forty

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and made and executed by and between Jane Harris Campion (executrix of the said James Campion then deceased) of the first part the said John Campion of the second part the said Maria Butler of the third part the said William Henry Cotterill of the fourth part and Frederick Shepard Hull of the fifth part. For the considerations therein mentioned the said annuity of Fifty-eight pounds ten shillings and all arrears thereof were assigned to the said William Henry Cotterill in trust for the said Maria Butler and the aforesaid term of Ninety-nine years was duly assigned to the said Frederick Shepard Hull for better securing the said annuity.

10. By an indenture dated the Fourth day of August One thousand eight hundred and forty and made and executed by and between the said John Goldsmith and Edward Goldsmith and the said Mary Tolhurst of the first part the said John Goldsmith and Enoch Fowler since deceased of the second part the said Deborah Mepham Bevis then Deborah Mepham Goldsmith spinster of the third part Maria Butler of the fourth part and the said William Henry Cotterill of the fifth part after reciting (amongst other things) that the hereditaments comprised in the said several indentures of the Twenty-eight day of January One thousand eight hundred and seventeen and the Thirtieth day of August One thousand eight hundred and thirty-eight and the Twenty-sixth day of September One thousand eight hundred and twenty constituted the whole of the hereditaments described in the first part of the schedule to the now stating indenture but that by reason of the erection of additional cottages and alterations in fences and boundaries it had not been found practicable to distinguish the particular portions of the hereditaments comprised in one or other of the same indentures and reciting that by indentures of lease and release dated the Second and Third days of August One thousand eight hundred and forty the release being made between the said Deborah Mepham Bevis then Deborah Mepham Goldsmith spinster of the one part and Thomas Mathias Luz Weguelin of the other part a certain public house called the “Victoria” and the hereditaments thereto belonging were for the considerations therein mentioned conveyed to the said Thomas Matthias Luz Weguelin his heirs and assigns by way of mortgage with a proviso for redemption on payment of the sum of One thousand pounds and interest And reciting that the said Maria Butler has agreed to purchase from the said Jane Harris Campion the said annuity of Fifty-eight pound ten shillings and to abstain from enforcing immediate payment of her mortgage debt of One thousand pounds and interest against the estate of the said Richard Goldsmith deceased at the request of the said parties to the now stating indenture of the first second and fourth parts and on their offer to give her further security as thereinafter expressed And stating that previously to the purchase of the said annuity of Fifty-eight pounds ten shillings it was agreed between the parties to the now stating indenture that the said sum of Six hundred pounds paid by the said Maria Butler for the purchase thereof should as between the said parties be considered a loan on mortgage at Five pounds per centum per annum but that as a security to the said Maria Butler the said annuity should be kept on foot and that she should effect and keep on foot an insurance on the lives of the said Henry Wilkinson and Charles John Payne the sur-

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– viving lives named in the grant of the said annuity in the sum of Three hundred pounds It was by the now stating indenture witnessed that in consideration of Six hundred pounds by the said Maria Butler paid to the said Jane Harris Campion on the assignment of the said annuity at the request of the said several parties to the now stating indenture of the first second and third parts the said John Goldsmith Edward Goldsmith and Mary Tolhurst according to their respective shares estates rights and interest in the premises with the consent of the said Enoch Fowler since deceased granted released and confirmed unto the said Maria Butler her heirs and assigns all and singular the freehold messuages tenements land hereditaments and premises mentioned and described in the schedule thereunder written and also all other the freehold hereditaments (if any) which were comprised in the hereinbefore state indentures of the Twenty-eighth day of January One thousand eight hundred and seventeen the Thirtieth day of August One thousand eight hundred and thirty-eight and the Twenty-sixth day of September One thousand eight hundred and twenty or any or either of them with the appurtenances unto and to the use of the said Maria Butler her heirs and assigns for ever subject nevertheless to the charges and incumbrances affecting the same and subject also to the proviso for redemption thereinafter contained and for considerations aforesaid and the nominal consideration therein mentioned the said Deborah Mepham Bevis then Deborah Mepham Goldsmith spinster granted and conveyed unto the said Maria Butler her heirs and assigns the said public house and hereditaments compromised in the said indentures of the Second and Third days of August One thousand eight hundred and forty to the use of the said Maria Butler her heirs and assigns for ever subject to the said mortgage to the said Thomas Matthias Luz Weguelin his heirs and assigns and subject to the said provisio for redemption And the now stating indenture contained a proviso or agreement for redemption of the said premises on payment of the said several sums of One thousand pounds and Six hundred pounds (making together One thousand six hundred pounds) and interest for the same at the rate of Five pounds per centum per annum on the Fourth day of August One thousand eight hundred and forty-one and repayment of such monies as the said Maria Butler her executors administrators or assigns should pay for effecting and keeping on foot the said life insurance or any other insurance on the said lives or for insurance against fire And each of them the said John Goldsmith and Edward Goldsmith did thereby declare that if he should die leaving a widow such widow should not be entitled to dower in the hereditaments thereby released or any of them or any part thereof And it was thereby declared that nothing in the now stating indenture contained should lessen or affect the security of the said Maria Butler made by the said indentures of the Twenty-ninth and Thirtieth days of August one thousand eight hundred and thirty-eight and that the assignments made by the said indenture of the First day of August One thousand eight hundred and forty should ensure as a security to the said Maria Butler her heirs and assigns for the said sum of One thousand six hundred pounds and the interest thereof respectively and for such insurance monies as aforesaid. And that all terms estates and interests outstanding and vested as aforesaid or otherwise of and in the said hereditaments and premises should be held upon trust for better securing the said sum of One thousand six hundred pounds and interest and should be assigned and disposed of as she-

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– or they should direct and that the said indenture of the First day of August One thousand eight hundred and forty should be a security only for One thousand pounds in addition to the said sum of one thousand pounds lent to the said Richard Goldsmith deceased (that is to say) the principal sum of Two thousand pounds in the whole

11. In pursuance of the declarations and agreements contained in the said last stated indenture the said Maria Butler effected an insurance in the office of the Universal Life Assurance Society London date the Twenty-first day of July One thousand eight hundred and forty and numbered 734 on the lives of the said Henry Wilkinson and Charles John Payne and the life of the survivor of them in the sum of Three hundred pounds whereby the said sum of Three hundred pounds was assured to be paid to the said Maria Butler her executors administrators or assigns within Three calendar months of the decease of the said Henry Wilkinson and Charles John Payne

12. Default was made in payment of the said sum of One thousand six hundred pounds and interest on the day or time appointed for payment thereof in and by the proviso for redemption contained in the said last indenture.

13. By divers conveyances and assignments and other acts and assurances in the law and ultimately by an indenture dated Twenty-seventh day of September One thousand eight hundred and fifty-six and duly made and executed by and between Charles Weller of the first part the said defendants Jeremiah Tolhurst and Mary his wife of the second part William Oxenford Melhuish James Hardman Cotterill and William Henry Cotterill genetlemen (executors of the said William Cotterill deceased) of the the third part the said William Oxenford Melhuish James Hardman Cotterill William Henry Cotterill and the said Frederick Shepard Hull gentleman of the fourth part the above named plaintiff George Matthews Arnold of the fifth part and the above named plaintiff August Alfred Arnold of the sixth part. The said several mortgage debts or sums of One thousand pounds and Six hundred pounds (making together the sum of One thousand six hundred pounds) together with all interest thenceforth to grow due for the same sums respectively And also the said policy of assurance effected in the office of the Universal Life Assurance Society by the said Maria Butler as aforesaid and the said sum of Three hundred pounds thereby assured and all other monies and benefit to become payable or receivable in respect thereof and all and every other securities for the same principal sums and interest respectively were assigned unto and are now vested in the said George Matthews Arnold his executors administrators and assigns to and for his and their own absolute use and benefit subject nevertheless as the said policy and the monies thereby assured to all benefit and equity of redemption affecting the same And first all and singular the freehold messuages lands tenements and hereditaments also situate and being at or in the parish of Chalk aforesaid mentioned and described in the said indenture on the Fourth day of August One thou-

TRANSCRIPT Page 8

-sand eight hundred and forty And all other (if any) the messuages lands tenements and hereditaments which were late of the said testator Richard Goldsmith deceased situate and being at or in the parish of Chalk aforesaid and comprised in the said two lastly mentioned indentures respectively And thirdly all that the said freehold messuage or public house called “The Victoria” and the several other hereditaments to the same belonging mentioned and comprised in the said indenture of the Fourth day of August One thousand eight hundred and forty Together with the appurtenances of the said several several premises belonging or appertaining were conveyed unto and are now vested in the plaintiff George Mathews Arnold his heirs and assigns for ever (subject nevertheless as to the said public house called the Victoria and other hereditaments thirdly mentioned to the said indenture of mortgage of the Third day of August One thousand eight hundred and forty and all monies thereby secured and subject also as to the whole of the said hereditaments to such equity or right of redemption as then subsisting therein by virtue of all or any of the said indentures of mortgage) And the said several leasehold messuages and premises at China Hall Place aforesaid comprised in the said indenture of lease of the Twenty-first day of April One thousand eight hundred and thirty-one with their appurtenances Together with the said indenture of lease were assigned unto and are now vested in the plaintiff George Mathews Arnold his executors administrators and assigns thenceforth for the residue of the said them of Forty-nine years and three-quarters of a year wanting three days except the last ten days thereof granted to the said Maria Butler by the said indenture of the Thirtieth day of August one thousand eight hundred and thirty eight aforesaid (subject nevertheless to such and the lie equity or rights of redemption as herein beforementioned or referred to) And the said annuity or clear yearly sum of Fifty pounds granted and secured to the said John Irion and George Stieber by the said indenture of the Twenty-eighth day of January One thousand eight hundred and seventeen and so assigned to the said William Henry Cotterill as aforesaid And all such and so many and such part and parts of all and singular the said messuages or tenements lands hereditaments and premises as were comprised in or were subject to the said term of Five hundred years created and granted as aforesaid by the said indenture of the Twenty-eighth day of January One thousand eight hundred and seventeen with their appurtenances were assigned unto and are now vested in the plaintiff Augustus Alfred Arnold his executors administrators and assigns as the said annuity for the lives of the persons during whose lives the same annuity was granted and as to the premises comprised in the said term for and during the residue of the said term but upon the same or the like trusts for securing to the plaintiff George Matthews Arnold his executors administrators and assigns the payment of the annuity of Fifty pounds as in and by the indenture of the Twenty-eighth day of January One thousand eight hundred and seventeen were expressed and declared thereof respectively for securing the same to the said John Irion and George Sieber their executors administrators and assigns and also and as to the said several further trusts following (that is to say) In trust in the first place for securing to the said plaintiff George Matthews Arnold his executors administrators and assigns the payment of

Verso of Page 8:

TRANSCRIPT of handwritten note numbered 14a:

The said Mary Tolhurst the younger died intestate and without having been married and the said Defendant – Jeremiah Tolhurst the father of the said Mary Tolhurst the younger was her sole next of kin – and as such entitled to her personal Estate and effects but he has not taken out administration to her Estate there is not and never has been any legal personal representation of the said Mary Tolhurst the younger

TRANSCRIPT Page 9

the said sum of One thousand six hundred pounds and the interest thereof according to the true intent and meaning of the now stating indenture and subject thereto In trust for the said John Goldsmith Edward Goldsmith and Mary Tolhurst their heirs executors administrators and assigns or other the persons or persons entitled to the equity of redemption in the said premises and to be assigned and disposed of from time to time as he or they should direct and upon no other trusts whatsoever. And all that the said annuity or yearly sum of Fifty-eight pounds ten shillings granted and secured to the said James Campion under and by virtue of the said herein before recited indentures of the Twenty-fifth and Twenty-sixth days of September One thousand eight hundred and twenty and all arrears and future payments thereof and all powers and remedies and covenants therein given and granted and entered into and are now vested in the plaintiff George Matthews Arnold his executors administrators and assigns for the natural lives of the persons during whose lives the same were granted as aforesaid. In trust nevertheless for the plaintiff George Matthews Arnold his administrators and assigns And all and every the messauges lands tenements hereditaments and premises by the said indentures of the Twenty-fifth and Twenty-sixth days of September One thousand eight hundred and twenty with their appurtenances were assigned unto and are now vested in the said plaintiff Augustus Alfred Arnold his executors administrators and assigns for the residue of the said term of Ninety-nine years But nevertheless upon or for the same or the like trusts intents and purposes for raising and securing to the said plaintiff Augustus Alfred Arnold his executors administrators or assigns In trusts for the said plaintiff George Matthews Arnold his executors administrators or assigns the due and regular payment of the said annuity or yearly rent charge of Fifty-eight pounds ten shillings as were for that purpose contained and declared by the said indentures of the Twenty-fifty and Twenty-sixth days of September One thousand eight hundred and twenty in favor of the said James Campion his executors and assigns and upon and for no other trusts intent or purpose whatsoever.

14. The said Mary Tolhurst has had (six struck through – superscript) fifteen children and no more seven of whom only survived the said Testator namely Mary Tolhurst and the said defendants Caroline Tolhurst Matilda Tolhurst Edward Tolhurst and Elizabeth Deborah Tolhurst and the said defendant Richard Tolhurst and Fanny Goldsmith Tolhurst who are both infants under the age of Tweny-one years and such six children respectively claim to be interested in the equity of redemption of the said mortgaged hereditaments.

15. The whole of the said principal sum of One thousand six hundred pounds with an arrear of interest thereon still remains due and owing to the plaintiff George Matthews Arnold upon the securities aforesaid and the said mortgaged premises being but a scanty security for the same the plaintiff George Matthews Arnold has applied to and requested the defendants hereto to redeem the said mortgages or to release their equity of redemption in the said premises but they refuse to comply with such request.

TRANSCRIPT Page 10

16. The said defendants hereto are the only persons interested in the equity of redemption of the said mortgaged premises or any of them or any part thereof The defendants however allege that there are some other mortgages charges and incumbrances on the said mortgaged premises but they refuse to discover the particulars thereof.

17. The plaintiffs charge however that the defendants ought to set forth and discover the full particulars of such alleged mortgages charges and incumbrances and when and to whom and for what considerations the same respectively were made or granted and in whom respectively the same are now vested.

18. The defendants have in their possession or power divers deeds papers and writings to the matters aforesaid or some of them whereby if produced the truth thereof would appear but they refuse to produce the same.

PRAYER.
The plaintiffs pray as follows –

1. That an account may be taken by and under the direction of this Honorable Court of what is due to the plaintiff George Matthews Arnold for principal interest and costs on the security of the said mortgaged hereditaments and premises.

2. That the defendants may be decreed to pay to the plaintiffs the amount which upon taking the aforesaid account shall be found due to the plaintiff George Matthews Arnold together with the costs of this suit by a short day to be appointed for that purpose or in default thereof –

3. That the said defendants and all persons claiming under them respectively may stand and be absolutely foreclosed of and from all right and equity of redemption in or to the said mortgaged premises.

4. That for the purposes aforesaid all proper and necessary accounts may be taken directions given and enquiries made.

5. That the plaintiffs may have such further or other relief as the nature of the case may require.

WILLIAM SPEED.

TRANSCRIPT Page 11

Names of Defendants.
The defendants to this Bill of Complaint are –
John Goldsmith
Edward Goldsmith
Jeremiah Tolhurst and Mary his wife
Caroline Tolhurst
Matilda Tolhurst
Edward Tolhurst and Elizabeth Deborah Tolhurst and
Richard Tolhurst and Fanny Goldsmith Tolhurst both respectively infants under the age of Twenty-one years
Thomas Goldsmith
Robert Macklay and Ann his wife
Benjamin Bayly and Emma his wife and
Daniel Bevis and Mepham his wife
_________________

NOTE – This Bill is filed by GEORGE HENRY KNIGHT of No. 5 Essex Court Middle Temple in the county of Middlesex solicitor for the above named plaintiffs.

TRANSCRIPT Final page

In Chancery
MASTER OF THE ROLLS
ARNOLD v. GOLDSMITH Bill of Complaint
Victoria R.

To the within-named defendants John Goldsmith Edward Goldsmith Jeremiah Tolhurst and Mary his wife Caroline Tolhurst Matilda Tolhurst Edward Tolhurst and Fanny Goldsmith Tolhurst both respectively infants under the age of twnty-one years Thomas Goldsmith Robert Macklay and Ann his wife Benjamin Bayly and Emma his wife Daniel Bevis and Deborah Mepham his wife – Greeting.

We command you and every of you that within Eight days after service hereof on you exclusive of the day of such service you cause an appearance to be entered for you in Our High Court of Chancery to the within Bill of Complaint of the within named George Matthews Arnold and Augusts Alfred Arnold and that you observe what our said Court shall direct.

Witness Ourself at Westminster the Fifteenth day of November in the Twentieth year of our Reign.
NOTE. – If you fail to comply with the above directions you will be arrested and imprisoned.
Appearances are to be entered at the Record and Writ Clerk’s Office Chancery Lane. London.

CHARLES HENRY KNIGHT
5 Essex Court Middle Temple
In the County of Middlesex
Plaintiff’s Solicitor

Summary
Plaintiff George Matthews Arnold filed this suit in Chancery against the heirs to the will and estate of Richard Goldsmith snr for the purpose of redeeming the mortgages, rents and other income derived principally from Richard Goldsmith’s properties, the China Hall and the Victoria Inn at Rotherhithe, and several other of his holdings at Chalk, Kent. He also wanted the Goldsmith heirs to produce evidence of other deeds held on properties but they refused (see pages 9-11). The Court ordered they should comply under penalty of arrest. When Captain Edward Goldsmith’s own estate was put at auction in 1870 at the Bull hotel, Rochester, the auction took place under under the watchful eye of George Matthews Arnold who acted as solicitor to the executors. The Bull was Mr Jingle’s “good house” in Dickens’ Pickwick Papers and the hotel he named the Blue Boar in Great Expectations.

TRANSCRIPT

EDWARD GOLDSMITH, Esq., Deceased.
Pursuant to the Act of Parliament 22nd and 23rd Vic., cap. 35, intituled “An Act to further amend the Law of Property and to relieve Trustees.”
NOTICE is hereby given, that all creditors and other persons having any claims or demands upon the estate of Edward Goldsmith, late of Gads-hill, Higham, in the county of Kent, Gentleman (who died on the 2nd day of July, 1869), are hereby required, on or before the 1st day of December next, to send particulars of their debts or claims to the undersigned George Matthews Arnold, at his offices, No. 1, Berkley-crescent, Gravesend, in the said county of Kent, Solicitor for the executors of the said Edward Goldsmith, deceased, after which time the executors will proceed to administer the estate and to distribute the assets of the said deceased among the parties entitled thereto, having regard to the claims and demands only of which they then shall have had notice; and that the said executors will not be liable for the said assets, or any part thereof, so distributed to any person of whose claim they shall not have had notice at the time of such distribution. –
Dated this 31st day of July, 1869.
GEO. M. ARNOLD, Gravesend, Solicitor for the Executors

Source: London Gazette, 31 July 1869

George Matthews Arnold (d.1907) (8 times Mayor of Gravesend, made Honorary Freeman of Gravesend December 1907 just before his death)
John Haynes-Williams (1836–1908)
Gravesham Borough Council, Civic Centre

Shipping in the Pool of London
Source: St Mary’s Rotherhithe

Rotherhithe Today
The Victoria Inn is not known today, nor is Paradise Row. Old maps show its location behind Paradise Street, two streets back from the Thames walk known to Samuel Pepys as Rediff. Richard Goldsmith’s Princess Victoria Inn, outbuildings and cottages may have occupied the site where the Pynfold Estate now stands. A landmark of the area, William Gaitskell House (1814) now stands at the corner of Paradise Street and Cathay Road, but its location in 1839 was more likely to have been at the corner of Paradise Street and Lucas Lane, which no longer exists, and opposite the site occupied by Princess Victoria Inn. William Gaitskell’s house was possibly connected to Richard Goldsmith’s property by a tunnel which is now blocked off. The tunnel was through the skittleground beneath the courtyard of the Victoria Inn, specifically mentioned in his bequest to daughter Deborah.

William Gaitskell House (red arrow and red door), is now located at the corner of Paradise Street and Cathay Road. But on the survey map of 1832 (British Library’s software then-and-now locator) it was located at the juncture of Millpond Road and Paradise Street where Love Lane continued alongside Richard Goldsmith’s property to Paradise Row. The buildings along Love Lane and fronting Paradise Row, clearly visible in 1832, were most likely the Victoria Inn, the cottages, outbuildings and land now occupied by a housing complex, the Pynfold Estate.

The significance of William Gaitskell’s house at 23 Paradise Street is not just proximity to the Victoria Inn. Gaitskell’s partner, Charles Ventris Field signed Richard Goldsmith’s will and codicils in August 1836 and March 1839 as a witness along with Edward Goldsmith, and he also he paraphrased the will’s contents as further endorsement [click here – NB this script is barely legible in places].

William Gaitskell House in Paradise St marked with red dot
Survey map of 1832 on left, and on right, today (British Library’s software then-and-now locator)

William Gaitskell House (red door), is now located at the corner of Paradise Street and Cathay Road. These notes are courtesy of Andie Byrnes, a resident of Rotherhithe:

Sir William Gaitskell married Mary Sophia Poussett in 1785, and seems to have had two children, William Gaitskell the younger, Harriet Eliza Gaitskell and Edward Howe. There is no mention of why Edward had a different surname from his siblings. Mary Sophia died in February 1828 at the age of 68. Sir William died in June 1833 at the age of 70.
Sir William, his son William and Charles Ventris Field were apparently in a partnership as surgeons and apothecaries. The London Gazette has a notice that the partnership between the three men was dissolved in May 1831, and that the partnership between Gaitskell and his son was dissolved in February 1832. In the same month, his estate was conveyed by indenture to Thomas Gaitskell.
Somewhat ironically, given Gaitskell’s alleged body snatching activities, 23 Paradise Street became a police station in 1836 and was the base of M Division. The Watch House on St Mary Church Street, which had been established in 1821, was in operation until 1829 when the Metropolitan police force was established, and it is unclear where the watchmen who operated in the area between 1829 and 1836 were based. In 1850 an extension to the west was added in order to house cells. By 1864 there were 117 officers working from there. A 1917 photograph shows it with bars over the ground floor windows, and only three windows on the eastern wall, where now there are seven. During the Second World Ware an air raid shelter was placed on the roof. The police moved in 1965 to new, typically 1960s premises on Lower Road. Although it stood empty for some years afterwards it was restored and is now used as offices.

Source: Andie Byrnes. Rotherhithe resident, living next to Greenland Dock.
A Rotherhithe Blog: http://russiadock.blogspot.com.au/search?q=Gaitskell

Landmarks:St Marys Church, Rotherhithe, the King’s Stairs. the Lower Road, etc
Google maps 2017

Addenda 1: China Hall
Leopold Wagner published a brief history of the China Hall in 1921:

A New Book about London: A Quaint and Curious Volume of Forgotten Lore
Leopold WagnerAllen & Unwin, 1921 – Bars (Drinking establishments) – 223 pages

EXCERPT

A propos of suburban stage-plays in olden times, a stranger finding himself in the Lower Road, Rotherhithe, could not fail to be struck by the singularity of a tavern sign there – China Hall…
More historic that even antiquaries are aware, what remains to us of China Hall was the tavern approach to a riparian playhouse visited by Pepys and mentioned in his Diary. Down to the Regency, at least, persons of quality often preferred the entertainments of the East End to those nearer home, on account of a pleasant trip beyond the Tower with a jolly young waterman plying the oars. The gossiping diarist is not specially informative as to the playhouse or its frequenters towards the eastern limits of London in his day, therefore we are left to assume that it must have been a summer theatre, and, judging from its title, porcelain or chinaware embellishments gave it a distinctive character…..

The China Hall today

On Lower Road, about half way between Surrey Quays and Canada Water stations, is a public house called the China Hall; at one time it was the entrance to a riparian playhouse visited by Samuel Pepys and mentioned in his diary. It is not known how long the theatre remained on the site, but it was reinvigorated in 1777 and during 1778 George Frederick Cooke acted there, but in the winter of 1779 it was destroyed in fire. The site of the theatre became a well-known tea-gardens, with the “usual arbours and ‘boxes'” during the Victorian period, but by the 1920s most of the gardens had been absorbed into the Surrey Commercial Docks as part of a timber yard.

Source: http://www.wiki30.com/wa?s=Rotherhithe

On December 18, 2017, the Southwark News published this article requesting help from readers to save the freehold for its present landlords:

Help Save the China Hall
The China Hall in Lower Road

A Rotherhithe family is asking the public to help raise £10,000 in the bid to keep their pub open.

China Hall landlords Michael and Linda Norris are asking residents to help them in their “hour of need” as they fight to keep their business and home.

Trouble began for the couple when the freehold of the pub building, in Lower Road, was sold to Isle of Man-based developer Hamna Wakaf by previous owners Punch Tavern.

The developer also owns The Winnicott pub, formerly known as The Old Justice, in nearby Bermondsey Wall East, and put forward plans to turn it into flats, which were rejected earlier this year.

The new owners offered Mr and Mrs Norris a ten-year lease for £75,000 a year – which the couple said was double what they previously paid and unaffordable.

With the help of the southeast London branch of the Campaign for Real Ale, they managed to get the pub listed as an asset of community value in February, which means they must be given the chance to bid to buy the freehold of the building if it comes up for sale.

As an extra layer of protection, Southwark Council has also introduced an Article 4 direction in its planning policy which requires developers to gain permission before changing a pub into any other type of business or residential accommodation.

Speaking to the News, China Hall landlord Michael Norris said he felt “hopeful” about the pub’s future.

“I want to say thank you to those who have donated and to the people who have supported the campaign to keep us open,” he added.

Former Bermondsey and Old Southwark MP Sir Simon Hughes, who has helped with the campaign, said: “Now is the time for people to put their money where their mouth is.

“It’s a very popular local pub that deserves to be supported and now in their hour of need I hope people will back them.”

A Just Giving crowdfunding page has been set up online to help raise £10,000: http://www.justgiving.com/crowdfunding/chinahall?utm_id=921

Source: https://www.southwarknews.co.uk/news/help-save-china-hall/

Addenda 2: G. W. Arnold

Arnold, George Matthews (1826-1908) of Milton Hall. Eldest son of Robert Coles Arnold (1797-1866) and his wife Sarah, daughter of Daniel Pizzey of The Beeches, Rayleigh (Essex), born 4 July 1826. Solicitor, 1847-89; an auditor for the Poor Law Board for more than 30 years and legal adviser to successive RC Bishops of Southwark. JP, DL and County Alderman (1889-1908) for Kent; Mayor of Gravesend (Kent), 1890-92, 1896-97, 1904-06 and a benefactor to the town; Chairman of Kent CC Education Committee, 1903-05; Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London and a keen local historian; he amassed a museum of local antiquities which occupied a series of buildings on the estate and which was dispersed by auction in 1911; and he also rebuilt the derelict church at Denton and the chapels at St. Catherine, Shorne and Dode. He was born into the Church of England but converted to Rome with his wife in 1859; Knight of St Gregory the Great. He married, 31 May 1847 at St Botolph Aldgate, London, Elizabeth Cotton (1828-1906), daughter of George Essell JP of Rochester, and had issue with two other children who presumably died in infancy as no record of them has been found.

The list of George Matthews Arnold’s children, their spouses and children can be viewed here-
http://landedfamilies.blogspot.com.au/2015/10/186-arnold-of-milton-hall-gravesend.html

EXTERNAL SOURCES

Above: Grave of Captain Edward Goldsmith and family
Large ledger with rocks and horizontal cross
St Mary the Virgin Church, Chalk Kent UK
Photo copyright © Carole Turner March 2016

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